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Occupation in Palestine and Bobby accused as a “mad man” for speaking against evil… accused by militant atheists no less

People are IGNORANT of history. That is why they sheepishly agreed, “Yes, if an Atheist reporter slanders Bobby as nuts and an ‘extremist’, he must be.” vs brains to investigate what he was talking about. Even back when Balfour issued his declaration, natives rights were not to be encroached upon.

Balfour stipulated, “NOTHING SHALL BE DONE TO PREJUDICE THE CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS RIGHTS of the existing non-Jewish communities…” and yet the sheep sit back, supporting wholesale persecution of Christian & Muslim — breaking international law with impunity, widespread imprisonment of children (some IDF using Palestinians for ‘target practice’) — they can get away with it because sheep around the world have been trained to be silent, all while slandering the World Chess Champion who TRIED to speak against this tyrannical evil… after all, the journalists and infiltrators of every sort, obeyed Lenin, and wrapped it in religious terms, that “God said, ‘Jews’” (most of them atheist themselves) would be brought again to Palestine. Any person who thinks that “God” used a MILITANT ATHEIST (Theodore Herzl) to fulfill Biblical Prophecy in the Holy Land (decades of bloodshed) is a F.O.O.L. … God doesn't work like that!

Bobby spoke against Evil

(National Catholic Reporter) Bethlehem's declining Christian population casts shadow over Christmas
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) Bethlehem's declining Christian population casts shadow over Christmas
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
Study by Palestinian university finds that Christians blame stresses brought on by occupation for dwindling population.
Dec 27, 2017


Español

La gente es IGNORANTE de la historia. Es por eso que acordaron tímidamente: “Sí, si un periodista ateo calumnia a Bobby como un loco y un ‘extremista’, debe serlo” contra los cerebros para investigar de lo que estaba hablando. Incluso cuando Balfour emitió su declaración, los derechos de los nativos no debían ser invadidos.

Balfour estipuló, “NADA SE HARA PREJUICIO DE LOS DERECHOS CIVILES Y RELIGIOSOS de las comunidades no judías existentes…” y sin embargo, las ovejas se quedan atrás, apoyando la persecución masiva de cristianos y musulmanes, rompiendo la ley internacional con impunidad, encarcelamiento generalizado de niños ( algunas FDI usando palestinos para 'prácticas de tiro'): pueden salirse con la suya porque las ovejas de todo el mundo han sido entrenadas para callar, mientras calumnian al Campeón Mundial de Ajedrez que TRATÓ de hablar en contra de este mal tiránico … después de todo, los periodistas e infiltrados de todo tipo, obedecieron a Lenin y lo envolvieron en términos religiosos, que “Dios dijo, 'Judíos'” (la mayoría de ellos mismos ateos) serían traídos nuevamente a Palestina. Cualquier persona que piense que “Dios” usó un ATEO MILITANTE (Theodore Herzl) para cumplir la Profecía Bíblica en Tierra Santa (décadas de derramamiento de sangre) es un F.O.O.L. … ¡Dios no funciona así!

Bobby habló contra el mal

(National Catholic Reporter) La población cristiana en declive de Belén arroja sombras sobre la Navidad
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) La población cristiana en declive de Belén arroja sombras sobre la Navidad
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html

Un estudio realizado por la universidad palestina encuentra que los cristianos culpan a las tensiones provocadas por la ocupación por la disminución de la población.
27 de diciembre de 2017


Français

Les gens sont IGNORANT de l'histoire. C'est pourquoi ils ont accepté d'un ton penaud: “Oui, si un reporter athée calomnie Bobby comme un fou et un ‘extrémiste’, il doit l'être.” Vs des cerveaux pour enquêter sur ce dont il parlait. Même quand Balfour a publié sa déclaration, les droits des indigènes ne devaient pas être empiété sur.

Balfour a stipulé: “RIEN NE POURRA PRÉJUDICIER LES DROITS CIVILS ET RELIGIEUX des communautés non juives existantes…” et pourtant les moutons se reposent, soutenant en gros la persécution du droit international chrétien et musulman en toute impunité, l'emprisonnement généralisé des enfants ( certains IDF utilisant des Palestiniens pour la «pratique ciblée») - ils peuvent s'en tirer parce que les moutons du monde entier ont été entraînés à se taire, tout en calomniant le champion du monde d'échecs qui a essayé de parler contre ce mal tyrannique. et des infiltrés de toutes sortes, obéissant à Lénine, et l'enveloppant en termes religieux, que "Dieu a dit," Juifs "(la plupart d'entre eux athées eux-mêmes) seraient ramenés en Palestine. Toute personne qui pense que “Dieu” a utilisé un ATHEIST MILITANT (Theodore Herzl) pour accomplir la prophétie biblique en Terre Sainte (des décennies d'effusion de sang) est un F.O.O.L. … Dieu ne travaille pas comme ça!

Bobby a parlé contre le mal

(National Catholic Reporter) La population chrétienne en déclin de Bethléem jette l'ombre sur Noël
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) La population chrétienne en déclin de Bethléem jette l'ombre sur Noël
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
Une étude de l'université palestinienne révèle que les chrétiens attribuent le stress provoqué par l'occupation à la diminution de la population.
27 déc. 2017


Deutscher

Menschen sind IGNORANT der Geschichte. Deshalb stimmten sie verlegen zu: “Ja, wenn ein atheistischer Reporter Bobby als verrückt und als ‘Extremist’ verleumdet, muss er es sein.” Vs Gehirn, um zu untersuchen, wovon er redete. Auch damals, als Balfour seine Erklärung abgegeben wurden Eingeborene Rechte nicht eingegriffen auf sein.

Balfour vereinbart, „nichts getan, so werden die bürgerlichen und religiösen Rechte der bestehenden nicht-jüdischen Gemeinschaften zu beeinträchtigen ...”, und doch die Schafe sich zurücklehnen, Großhandel Verfolgung von Christian & Muslim unterstützt - gegen das Völkerrecht ungestraft, weit verbreitete Inhaftierung von Kindern (einige IDF Palästinenser für ‚target practice‘) mit - sie können damit durchkommen Weil Schafe auf der ganzen Welt geschult worden sind, still zu sein, die alle während der Schachweltmeister zu verleumden, die gegen ESTA tyrannische Übel sprechen wollte ... schließlich die Journalisten und Eindringlingen aller Art, gehorchten Lenin und wickelten ihn in religiöser Hinsicht, dass „Gott sagt:" Juden“(die meisten von ihnen selbst Atheisten) würden wieder nach Palästina gebracht werden. Jede Person, die denkt, dass „Gott“ verwendet, um Militanten atheistischen (Theodor Herzl) Biblische Prophetie im Heiligen Land zu erfüllen (Jahrzehnte Bloodshed) ist ein F.O.O.L. … Gott arbeitet nicht so!

Bobby sprach gegen das Böse

(National Catholic Reporter) Bethlehem Christian Bevölkerung rückläufig Schatten wirft über Weihnachten
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) Bethlehems rückläufige christliche Bevölkerung wirft Schatten über Weihnachten
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
Studie fest, dass Universität von palästinensischen Christen durch Spannungen für Bevölkerungsschwund Besetzung Schuld gebracht.
27. Dezember 2017


عربى

الناس مغرور من التاريخ. وهذا هو السبب في أنهم وافقوا بشجاعة "نعم، إذا كان مراسل الملحد يشوه بوبي كما المكسرات و" المتطرف "، وقال انه يجب أن يكون." مقابل العقول للتحقيق في ما كان يتحدث عنه. وحتى عندما أصدر بلفور تصريحه، لم يتم التعدي على حقوق المواطنين الأصليين.

ولفت بلفور إلى أنه "لا ينبغي القيام بأي شيء من أجل وقف الحقوق المدنية والدينية للمجتمعات غير اليهودية القائمة". ومع ذلك، فإن الخراف يجلس، ويدعم الاضطهاد بالجملة للمسيحيين والمسلمين، ويخرق القانون الدولي دون عقاب، وسجن الأطفال على نطاق واسع ( بعض جيش الدفاع الإسرائيلي يستخدم الفلسطينيين ل "الممارسة المستهدفة") - يمكن أن تفلت من ذلك لأن الأغنام في جميع أنحاء العالم تم تدريبهم على الصمت، في حين أن كل القذف بطل العالم الشطرنج الذين حاولوا التحدث ضد هذا الشر المستبد ... بعد كل شيء، والصحفيين والمتسللين من كل نوع، طاعوا لينين، ولفوا ذلك من الناحية الدينية، "إن الله قال،" اليهود "(ومعظمهم من الملحدين أنفسهم) سيعاد مرة أخرى إلى فلسطين. أي شخص يعتقد أن "الله" استخدم ميليكانت إثيست (ثيودور هرتزل) لتحقيق النبوءة الكتابية في الأرض المقدسة (عقود من سفك الدماء) هو F.O.O.L. ... الله لا يعمل من هذا القبيل!

تكلم بوبي ضد الشر

(مراسل كاثوليكي وطني) يلقي السكان المسيحيون المتراجعون في بيت لحم بظلالهم على عيد الميلاد
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(الجزيرة) يلقي السكان المسيحيون المتراجعون في بيت لحم بظلاله على عيد الميلاد
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
وتخلص الدراسة التي أجرتها الجامعة الفلسطينية إلى أن المسيحيين يلقيون باللوم على الضغوط الناجمة عن الاحتلال لتضاؤل ​​عدد السكان. 27 ديسمبر 2017


中文

人们是历史的无知者。这就是为什么他们羞于同意,“是的,如果一个无神论者的记者诽谤鲍比坚果和”极端分子“,他一定是......脑子去调查他在说什么。甚至在贝尔福尔发表声明的时候,土着人的权利也不会被侵犯。

贝尔福尔规定:“不得违反现有非犹太社区的民事和宗教权利......”,然而这些羊却坐立不安,支持对基督教和穆斯林的大规模迫害,违法的国际法不受惩罚,普遍监禁儿童一些国防军利用巴勒斯坦人进行“目标实践”) - 他们可以逃避这一切,因为世界各地的绵羊都被训练成保持沉默,同时诽谤世界国际象棋冠军,他们试图反对这种暴虐的恶行......毕竟,记者和各种渗透者都服从列宁,并用宗教术语包裹起来:“上帝说,”犹太人“(他们中的大多数是无神论者)将被带回巴勒斯坦。任何人认为“上帝”使用了一位军人(Theodore Herzl)在圣地实现圣经预言(数十年的流血事件)是F.O.O.L. ...上帝不这样工作!

博比反对邪恶

(全国天主教记者)伯利恒衰落的基督教人口在圣诞节蒙上阴影
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera)伯利恒衰落的基督教人口在圣诞节蒙上阴影
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
巴勒斯坦大学的研究发现,基督教徒指责占领为人口减少带来的压力。
2017年12月27日


हिंदी

लोग इतिहास के अनजान हैं वे मुस्कराते हुए मीडिया के निर्देशों का पालन करते हैं "हां, अगर एक नास्तिक रिपोर्टर ने बॉबी फिशर को एक पागल आदमी और एक 'चरमपंथी' के रूप में बदनाम किया है, तो ऐसा होना चाहिए।"
लोगों को बुद्धि की कमी है, जांच करने के लिए आवश्यक है, बॉबी फिशर की शिकायतों।
लॉर्ड बलफोर ने 1 9 17 में ज़ियोनिस्ट घोषणापत्र जारी किया। फिर भी, मूल फिलीस्तीनी नागरिक और धार्मिक अधिकारों पर अतिक्रमण नहीं किया गया था।

बाल्फोर ने कहा, "मौजूदा गैर-यहूदी समुदायों के नागरिक और धार्मिक अधिकारों को नकारने के लिए कुछ भी नहीं किया जाएगा ..."।
हालांकि, तृप्त भेड़ फ़िलिस्तीनी ईसाई और मुसलमानों के थोक सताव का समर्थन करते हैं।
दण्ड से मुक्ति के साथ अंतर्राष्ट्रीय कानून को तोड़ना
बच्चों की व्यापक कारागार
इसराइल की सेना कभी कभी कैमरे पर पकड़ा, फिलीस्तीनी नागरिकों पर 'लक्ष्य अभ्यास' बनाने वे मानवता के खिलाफ ऐसे अपराधों से दूर हो जाते हैं, क्योंकि दुनियाभर में, लोगों को चुप होने के लिए प्रशिक्षित किया गया है।
विश्व शतरंज चैंपियन, बॉबी फिशर को बदनाम करना जो इस अत्याचारी बुराई के खिलाफ बोलने की कोशिश कर रहे थे। आखिरकार, हर तरह के पत्रकारों और नास्तिक-सहानुभूति रखने वाले, लेनिन की बात मानी धार्मिक शब्दों में लिपटे अपराध क्या "भगवान कहते हैं, 'यहूदियों' 'नहीं था? (अधिकांश ज़ियोनिस्ट स्वयं नास्तिक हैं।) ज़िओनिस्ट विचारधारा के बाद नास्तिक, फिर से फिलिस्तीन में लाया जाएगा।
कोई भी व्यक्ति जो सोचता है कि "ईश्वर" "मिलिटिस्टिक नास्तिक" का प्रयोग करेगा ([थिओडोर हर्ज़ नास्तिक था।]) बाइबल भविष्यवाणी को पूरा करने के लिए, एक एफ ओ ओ ओ। एल। भगवान ऐसा काम नहीं करता है!

बॉबी ने ईविल के खिलाफ बात की

(राष्ट्रीय कैथोलिक रिपोर्टर) बेथलहम की गिरती ईसाई आबादी क्रिसमस पर छाया काटती है
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) बेथलेहम की गिरने ईसाई आबादी क्रिसमस पर छाया काटता है
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
फिलिस्तीनी विश्वविद्यालय द्वारा अध्ययन में पता चलता है कि ईसाइयों ने आबादी में कमी के लिए कब्जे के कारण पेश किए गए तनावों को जिम्मेदार ठहराया।
27 दिसंबर, 2017


Ελληνικά

Οι άνθρωποι είναι αναλφάβητοι της ιστορίας. Πρόθυμα ακολουθούν τις οδηγίες των μέσων ενημέρωσης. "Ναι, αν ένας δημοσιογράφος αθεϊστής συκοφαντεί τον Bobby Fischer ως έναν τρελό άνθρωπο και έναν" εξτρεμιστή ", πρέπει να είναι έτσι."
Οι άνθρωποι δεν έχουν τη νοημοσύνη, που απαιτείται να διερευνήσουν, τις καταγγελίες του Μπόμπι Φίσσερ.
Ο Λόρδος Balfour εξέδωσε τη Σιωνιστική διακήρυξη το 1917. Ακόμα και τότε απαγορευμένο, τα παλαιστινιακά αστικά και θρησκευτικά δικαιώματα δεν επρόκειτο να παραβιαστούν.

Ο Balfour δήλωσε: "ΔΕΝ ΘΑ ΠΡΑΓΜΑΤΟΠΟΙΗΘΕΙ, ΑΠΑΓΟΡΕΥΟΝΤΑΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΙΚΑ ΚΑΙ ΘΡΗΣΚΕΥΤΙΚΑ ΔΙΚΑΙΩΜΑΤΑ των υφιστάμενων μη εβραϊκών κοινοτήτων ...".

Ωστόσο, υποστηρίζεται χονδρικά, για να καταστεί δυνατή η δίωξη των Παλαιστινίων χριστιανών και μουσουλμάνων.

Η Κατοχή του Ισραήλ είναι ένοχη για την παραβίαση του διεθνούς δικαίου, με ατιμωρησία.

Η παράνομη φυλάκιση παιδιών είναι ευρέως διαδεδομένη.

Ο στρατός του Ισραήλ μερικές φορές πιάστηκε σε κάμερα, κάνοντας «εκπαίδευση τουφέκι» εναντίον Παλαιστινίων πολιτών. Φεύγουν με τέτοια εγκλήματα κατά της ανθρωπότητας, διότι σε όλο τον κόσμο, οι άνθρωποι έχουν εκπαιδευτεί να είναι σιωπηλοί. Η συκοφάντηση του παγκόσμιου πρωταθλητή σκακιού, Μπόμπι Φίσερ, ο οποίος μίλησε εναντίον αυτού του τυραννικού κακού. Μετά από όλα, αθεϊστικοί δημοσιογράφοι κάθε είδους, υπακούουν στον Λένιν. Εγκλωβισμένα εγκλήματα με θρησκευτικούς όρους. Δεν "είπε ο Θεός," Εβραίοι "; (Οι περισσότεροι σιωνιστές είναι οι ίδιοι άθεοι.) Οι αθεϊστές που ακολουθούν την σιωνιστική ιδεολογία θα επανέλθουν στην Παλαιστίνη. Οποιοσδήποτε πιστεύει ότι ο Θεός θα χρησιμοποιούσε τον «ΜΗΛΙΤΑΡ αθεϊστής» [(Theodore Herzl ήταν αθεϊστής.]] Για να εκπληρώσει την Προφητεία της Αγίας Γραφής, είναι ένας Fool.
Ο Θεός δεν λειτουργεί έτσι!

Ο Μπόμπι μίλησε εναντίον του κακού

(Εθνικός Καθολικός Ρεπόρτερ) Ο μειούμενος Χριστιανικός πληθυσμός της Βηθλεέμ σκιάζει τα Χριστούγεννα
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) Ο μειούμενος Χριστιανικός πληθυσμός της Βηθλεέμ σκιάζει τα Χριστούγεννα
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
Μελέτη από παλαιστινιακό πανεπιστήμιο διαπιστώνει ότι οι χριστιανοί κατηγορούν τα άγχη που ασκούνται από την κατοχή για τον φθίνοντα πληθυσμό.
27 Δεκεμβρίου 2017


русский

Люди неграмотны в истории. Они застенчиво следуют инструкциям СМИ. «Да, если репортер-атеист оклеветал Бобби Фишера как безумного человека и« экстремиста », это должно быть так».
Людям недостает ума, необходимых для расследования, жалобы Бобби Фишера.
Лорд Бэлфур издал сионистскую декларацию в 1917 году. Даже тогда запрещалось, чтобы гражданские и религиозные права коренных палестинцев не были посягнуты.

Бэлфур предусмотрел: «НИЧЕГО НЕ СДЕЛАНО, ЗАПРЕЩАЕТСЯ ГРАЖДАНСКИХ И РЕЛИГИОЗНЫХ ПРАВАХ существующих нееврейских общин ...».

Однако поддержка предоставляется оптом, чтобы разрешить преследование палестинских христиан и мусульман.

Оккупация Израиля виновна в нарушении международного права с безнаказанностью.

Незаконное тюремное заключение детей широко распространено.

Военные Израиля иногда попадали на камеру, делая «целевую практику для оружия» против палестинских гражданских лиц. Они избегают судебного преследования за такие преступления против человечества, потому что во всем мире люди обучены молчанию. Осквернив чемпиона мира по шахматам, Бобби Фишера, который выступал против этого тиранического зла. В конце концов, атеисты-журналисты всякого рода, повиновались Ленину. Обернутые преступления в религиозных терминах. Разве «Бог не сказал,« евреи »? (Большинство сионистов сами атеисты.) Атеисты, последовавшие за идеей сионизма, будут снова возвращены в Палестину. Любой человек, который думает, что «Бог» будет использовать «Воинствующий атеист» [(Теодор Герц был атеистом.)], Чтобы исполнить Библейское пророчество, является дураком.
Бог не работает так!

Бобби говорил против Зла

(Национальный католический репортер) Вифлеемское исчезающее христианское население бросает тень на Рождество
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) Исчезающее христианское население Вифлеема бросает тень на Рождество
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
Исследование, проведенное палестинским университетом, показывает, что христиане обвиняют в стрессах, вызванных оккупацией для сокращения населения.
27 декабря 2017 г.


Português

As pessoas são analfabetas da história. Eles seguem tímidamente as instruções da mídia. "Sim, se um repórter ateu caluniar Bobby Fischer como um homem insano e um" extremista ", deve ser assim".
As pessoas faltam informações, necessárias para investigar, as queixas de Bobby Fischer.
O senhor Balfour emitiu a declaração sionista em 1917. Mesmo assim proibido, os direitos civis e religiosos palestinos nativos não deveriam ser invadidos.

Balfour estipulava: "NENHUMA FORMAÇÃO, PROIBIENDO DIREITOS CIVILES E RELIGIOSOS das comunidades não judias existentes ...".

No entanto, o apoio é oferecido por atacado, para permitir a perseguição de cristãos e muçulmanos palestinos.

A Ocupação de Israel é culpada de violar o direito internacional, impunemente.

A prisão ilegal de crianças é generalizada.

Às vezes, pegou na câmera, as FDI fazem "prática alvo com armas" contra civis palestinos. Eles evitam acusações por crimes contra a humanidade, porque em todo o mundo, as pessoas foram treinadas para ficarem em silêncio.
Calmando o Campeão Mundial de Xadrez, Bobby Fischer, que falou contra este mal tirânico. Afinal, os ateísta-jornalistas de todo tipo, obedeciam a Lenin. Delitos envolvidos em termos religiosos. "Deus não diz" judeus "? (A maioria dos sionistas é ateu.) Os ateus que seguem a ideologia sionista seriam trazidos novamente para a Palestina.
Qualquer pessoa que pense que "Deus" usaria "Ateu militante" [(Theodore Herzl era ateu.)] Para cumprir a profecia bíblica, é um tolo. Deus não funciona assim!

Bobby falou contra o mal

(Repórter nacional católico) A população cristã desaparecida de Belém molda sombra sobre o Natal
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(Aljazeera) A população cristã desaparecendo de Belém molda a sombra ao longo do Natal
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
Estudar pela universidade palestina descobre que os cristãos culpam os estresses provocados pela ocupação por uma diminuição da população.
27 de dezembro de 2017


বাংলা

মানুষ ইতিহাস অশিক্ষিত
অন্ধ এবং বিশ্বাসী, মানুষ মিডিয়া দ্বারা প্রচারিত মিথ্যাবাদীরা বিশ্বাস করে। কোন প্রশ্ন নেই "হ্যাঁ, যদি একজন নাস্তিক প্রতিবেদক একটি উন্মাদ মানুষ এবং একটি 'চরমপন্থী' হিসাবে ববি ফিশার অপবাদ দেয়, এটা তাই হতে হবে।"
মানুষ বুদ্ধিমত্তা অভাব ব্যাপকভাবে, মানুষ অভিযোগগুলি তদন্ত করতে ব্যর্থ হয়েছে, ববি ফিশার দ্বারা তৈরি।
লর্ড বেলফোর 1917 সালে জিয়াওনিস্ট ঘোষণা জারি করেন। বালফোর ঘোষণা করেন, নেটিভ প্যালেস্টাইনের নাগরিক ও ধর্মীয় অধিকার ধ্বংস করা হবে না।

বালফোরের মতে, "বিদ্যমান কিছু অ-ইহুদি সম্প্রদায়ের নাগরিক ও ধর্মীয় অধিকার নিষিদ্ধ করা হবে না"।

তবে, ফিলিস্তিনি খ্রিস্টান ও মুসলমানদের উপর অত্যাচারের অনুমতি দেওয়ার জন্য বিশ্বব্যাপী সহায়তা হল পাইকারি।

ইসরাইলের দখলদারিত্ব আন্তর্জাতিক আইনের লঙ্ঘনের দোষে দোষী।

শিশুদের বেআইনী কারাদণ্ড ব্যাপক।

কখনও কখনও ক্যামেরা ধরে, আইডিএফ ফিলিস্তিনি নাগরিকদের বিরুদ্ধে 'বন্দুক দিয়ে লক্ষ্য অনুশীলন' তৈরি। মানবতাবিরোধী অপরাধে তাদের বিচারের সম্মুখীন হওয়া, বিশ্বব্যাপী, মানুষকে চুপ করে থাকতে প্রশিক্ষিত করা হয়েছে।
মিডিয়া বিশ্বের দাবা চ্যাম্পিয়ন ববি ফিশার নিন্দা করেছে তিনি অত্যাচারী মন্দ বিরুদ্ধে কথা বলেছেন। সবশেষে, নাস্তিক-সাংবাদিকেরা লেনিনের নির্দেশ মেনে চলেন। ধর্মীয় পদে নাস্তিক অপরাধের আচ্ছাদনের কাজ। "ঈশ্বর বলে না, ইহুদী" কি ছিল না? (জিয়াউনিজম / হেরজলের বেশিরভাগ সমর্থক, নিজেরা নাস্তিক।) নাস্তিকরা জিয়াওনিস্ট মতাদর্শ অনুসরণ করে ফিলিস্তিনে আবার ফিরিয়ে আনা হবে।
যে কেউ মনে করে যে "ঈশ্বর" "জঙ্গি নাস্তিক" ব্যবহার করতেন [[থিওডোর হেরজল ছিলেন নাস্তিক।]] বাইবেল ভবিষ্যদ্বাণী পূর্ণ করতে, এটি একটি মূর্খতা।
ঈশ্বর যেমন কাজ করে না!

ববি দুর্নীতির বিরুদ্ধে কথা বলেন

(ন্যাশনাল ক্যাথলিক রিপোর্টার) বেথলেহেমের হ্রাসকৃত খ্রিস্টীয় জনগোষ্ঠীর কারণে ছায়া ক্রিসমাসের উপর ফেলে দিয়েছে
https://www.ncronline.org/news/world/bethlehems-declining-christian-population-casts-shadow-over-christmas

(আলজাজিরা) বেথেলেহেমের হ্রাসকৃত খ্রিস্টীয় জনগোষ্ঠীর কারণে ছায়া ক্রিসমাসের উপর ফেলে দিয়েছে
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/12/israel-christian-exodus-palestine-171227092646406.html
প্যালেস্টাইন বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের গবেষণায় দেখা যায় যে, সৈন্যবাহিনীর পেশাজীবী বাহিনীর কাছ থেকে চাপের ফলে খ্রিস্টানদের সংখ্যা কমে যায়।
ডিসেম্বর ২7, ২017

Permanent Link, © Vindication of Bobby Fischer 2018

Read More »

Bobby Fischer (VII): At the summit

Translated from E. J. Rodríguez

A mixture of interest and annoyance afflicts those who follow closely the 1972 world chess championship. That is, almost everyone with access to mass media. After five games in the final, what has Bobby Fischer done? Not much, at least in the opinion of the observers and the public. He has come back from a disastrous start, yes, and he has managed to tie the tie at 2'5 points … but at the expense of a Boris Spassky who has been deranged with his delays and absences, with his strange maneuvers and outbursts of tone. Deconcentrated the champion, clearly he was playing quite below his level. So, Bobby needed more than psychological games to impress those who had faith in him.

And the sixth game was that something else. Already from the beginning of the game, Bobby seemed willing to surprise. From New York, the teletype operator that received the plays to communicate them to the local press requested that they send him the third move again, assuming that it was a typographical error: the message said that Fischer was playing a Lady Gambit, opening that practically never throughout his career had played. Of course it did not seem logical that he risked putting it into practice right now, when he faced the world champion in a crucial game. But yes, to the astonishment of the teletype operator, Spassky and everyone else, Bobby was doing it: he was getting out of the planned script. Bobby was known for doing just the opposite and sticking to the openings that he mastered. And his plan was perfect, although on the board, at first glance, it did not seem to happen much. Beyond the initial surprise, no move was seen to leave anyone speechless, no spectacular ax. But in the end everyone realized that their rival was lost. As in his best times, Fischer's pieces magically arrived at the right place at the right time … and Spassky's pieces could only sit and watch the thunderclouds that threatened to unload a storm. Without great bravado in attack, simply putting into practice that sense of harmony admired by his followers and even his rivals, a Fischer bordering on perfection completely disabled Spassky's options. On paper-and only on paper-he had yielded some disadvantages that could be decisive in other games, such as allowing Spassky to enjoy a dangerous past pawn, or a tower in front of Fischer's lower horse. But that was on paper. Because on the board those tactical decisions, those pyrrhic advantages granted to Spassky, had left completely defenseless the king of the Russian champion. If Spassky had believed at some point - and no doubt he believed it - that the game was going to be relatively safe for his interests, he had been wrong. A series of apparently routine maneuvers but directed by Fischer's sharp symphonic sense had been enough to dispel all hope.


The sixth match justified Bobby's prestige as a great player.

Maybe Bobby's game was not as predictable or easy to read as the champion had foreseen. Little by little, play by play, Spassky's game was gripped, strangled and finally unused. For many this is Fischer's best game in the entire championship. Of course, it was the game that most resembled the titanic Fischer of 1970-71, the one that without the need of big saber managed to bleed mercilessly to its rivals simply using small needles … but needles in greater quantity than any chess player could end up supporting.

Spassky surrendered to the inevitable, after a brilliant Fischer exhibition that had begun as a succession of seemingly harmless moves. For the first time in the final, the audience stood up to cheer the American. Finally, after a lot of reluctance and the skepticism that had caused their rugged landing in Iceland, the spectators were shown to be infuriated by their game. Fischer had played as Fischer, at last. And what's more: Spassky himself stood up and applauded at the end of the game. Fischer, astonished, shook his rival's hand and left quickly, as was his custom, but when entering behind the scenes he said to his men: “Have you seen what Spassky has done? He's a classy guy!” The score was now 3'5 to 2'5 for Fischer. In only four games he had reversed a disastrous start of the match, although of his three games won this was the first and only one in which he had really won and also convinced.

Now the champion was at a disadvantage. It was Spassky who would have to make an effort to turn the marker around and dispel the feeling that Fischer the Terrible could dust off the invincibility aura of 1971. So in the seventh game the Russian took the reins from the first moment, delivering a pawn to change of initiative: the famous «poisoned pawn», which Fischer devoured with pleasure because that was one of his favorite variants, with which he had never lost. The Russian was placed in a superior position, with Bobby's king unshuttered and more activity in his own pieces, compared to the Fischer pieces that seemed half-developed. A victory was expected for the Russian … but when some already saw the champion returning the blow to the applicant, Spassky did not find the correct continuation. No doubt he was still affected by previous events and outside pressure. Fischer's exhibition in the previous game had not helped to strengthen his confidence either. So despite the advantage obtained, Fischer escaped in that seventh game, managing to force a draw. 4 to 3

The champion was still behind, but not only on the scoreboard. I kept losing the psychological battle. Suddenly aware that he was not performing as expected, still affected by the stormy start of the championship and demoralized by the arduous task of tracing him to a hungry Bobby Fischer, Spassky was beginning to feel shaken on his throne. That was a new sensation for him, that he had never before perceived a real threat in Bobby (or if he had perceived it, he had not let it show) and that until then he had been the best player on the planet with no one standing up to him.

But Spassky still had more unpleasant surprises. In the eighth game Bobby returned to move the queen bishop's pawn, contrary to his habit of leaving with a king's pawn. That meant he was playing theoretical surprises again. Spassky tried to keep things from going the same way as in the sixth game, so he embarked on an opening (the English) that Fischer had almost never played, hoping that this could destabilize the American. But then Spassky realized how much he had neglected his theoretical preparation, which was proving to be of paramount importance because Bobby had studied practically everything and seemed prepared for anything. So Spassky not only did not catch Fischer off guard, but the American's response left him stunned. After only eleven moves the champion had already lost himself in a pit of uncertainty and was spending an inordinate amount of time calculating the output of an opening to which, suddenly, he did not know how to deal. Shortly after, after the number 15 move, his position already seemed seriously weakened, with Fischer's bishops lurking like two archers ready to knock down an enemy tower. On move 19, he had effectively delivered a valuable tower in exchange for a lower bishop. At that moment, with the game just leaving the initial phase, the members of the Russian delegation got up and left the premises. A gesture that said it all: there was no way to save that point. Spassky tried to offer some fighting, but Fischer's theoretical superiority had caught him off guard and the game was sentenced almost from the start. The Russian surrendered. A new victory for Bobby, who now won by 5 to 3.

Ninth game. The champion has the initiative to play with white, but Fischer responds to the opening with another theoretical novelty carefully prepared in his arduous workouts, a novelty to which Spassky also finds no answer this time. The American cancels the initiative of the Russian and forces the tables. 5'5 to 3'5. In the tenth game, Fischer uses the Spanish Open: in the middle game, very sure of himself, allows Spassky to win a pawn of advantage. Why does he do this? Because he gets several rewards in return: first, placing one of his own bishops in position to be able to raid the enemy's castling five moves later (a master turn of the Spanish game that Spassky certainly did not expect). Second, change an enemy tower for an own bishop, gaining material quality once more! And third, force Spassky to "sacrifice" a bishop to neutralize a dangerous past pawn. With simplicity and elegance, Bobby gathers his booty and obtains a superior position due to the lack of perspective - or perhaps concentration - of the Russian. Reaches the final phase of the game with clear tactical superiority. Spassky can not hold any hope. Bobby wins again. 6'5 to 3'5.


Spassky was aware that against Fischer much more was played than a title.

At this point in the championship, Boris Spassky needed to react, and he needed to do it soon. He could not continue to blame eternally the disruption caused by Fischer's extravagant behavior during the beginning of the match to explain his sudden disadvantage on the scoreboard. He felt the breath of the Soviet delegation and the Kremlin authorities at the nape of his neck, and if he wanted to keep his reputation he could not continue to be off center and playing below his level. In addition, although the American had put the nerves to everyone at the beginning of the final, now returned to get the public and the press in his pocket thanks to his victories and his irresistible charisma. As improbable as his attitude might have seemed, Bobby was The Genius, at least in the eyes of the people. And besides, people wanted to see an American breaking Soviet rule, if only because of the novelty, because of the drama or just because Fischer was that poor boy from Brooklyn who had come to the top by himself after a biography of a movie With almost everything against, Spassky played everything. It played more than the crown. He played his prestige and status as a citizen in the USSR. Mark Taimanov remained almost a pariah in his country after the loss to Fischer, and Spassky knew well that he could suffer the same fate: he himself was not the favorite chess player of the authorities and being dethroned by Fischer could face unpleasant consequences. And now he was three points behind in the final, which almost all observers already considered an insurmountable distance.

But Boris was not any chess player, he was the world champion, a very talented player and he had an ace up his sleeve. In the eleventh game he played again one of Fischer's favorite variants, that of the “poisoned pawn”. The American devoured the pawn, as usual, and everything seemed to go well until perhaps driven by confidence or perhaps confused by the complications that Spassky insisted on raising during the game, gave a pawn for nothing. It was the occasion the Russian was waiting for; He seemed to be reborn at that moment. He punished Fischer's inaccuracy with a fierceness and efficiency typical of a true world champion. Fischer was beaten in just thirty-one moves by a Spassky who seemed to finally respond to the better version of himself. The scoreboard still showed a huge difference, 6.5 to 4.5, but the outlook had changed again: to what extent could Fischer deal with the rebirth of his old nemesis? Would his two-point lead really be enough if Spassky started playing with a more march like he had done in this game? Could the advantage of the applicant start to wobble?

In game number twelve, Fischer again raised that gambit of lady who before this final had been absent from his repertoire and seemed to take the initiative for much of the game, but minor inaccuracies made that initiative disappear. The strength of Spassky's game –who was now approaching his true level– made things equal and, despite his initial impetus, Fischer had to resign himself to draw. Boards. 7 to 5 on the scoreboard … but the feeling that the Russian champion could begin to put the challenger in real trouble.

However, in the next match Fischer did not want to let the champion continue to resurrect. Again he used one of his most devastating weapons: hours, months and years of training and study. Raised an Alekhine Defense that the champion had not expected. Spassky, misplaced and once again harmed by his famous laziness at the time of studying the theory, committed an inaccuracy very soon during the same opening and was left with a pawn of less for the rest of the game. It was a gross error, which showed that you could not go to such a match neglecting the theoretical preparation in front of a human chess encyclopedia such as Bobby Fischer. The aspirant already only had to pull technique to, without risking too much, to reach a rather advantageous end with three pawns threatening to be crowned, pawns that Spassky could hardly stop. It was an incredibly tense game in which the champion struggled to compensate for his initial stumble until he realized there was nothing to do: victory and 8 to 5 for Fischer. That mistake by Spassky had cost him not only the game, but also how he cut short his threat of a comeback.

So, after a brief resurgence, Spassky's situation was beginning to be really desperate. It was three points below, an almost insurmountable difference in chess. He needed several victories if he wanted to prevent Bobby from reaching the 12.5 points that he needed to score to be champion. But poor Boris had committed a destructive error at the wrong time and had lost a game that was very damaging to his chances. Many took for granted that Spassky was going to be defeated and believed that he would definitely come down, after having given clear signs of his limited psychological resistance to the tension of the competition. But as we say Boris Spassky had not reached the champion for nothing and in this infamous moment was recomposed, which has an enormous merit in such circumstances and against a rival like yours. Due to this, the final entered a new phase, where Spassky was going to try by all means to put it as difficult as possible to the applicant and where he was going to start playing, if not at his best level, at least with a closer performance who had shown in better times.


The pressure and fatigue affected the game of both contenders, although Spassky paid the highest price.

Although, yes, in the game number 14 the accumulated tension became patent for both rivals and the result was a confrontation between two exhausted minds. Fischer went back to using that Lady Gambit that was giving him good results, but the game was not particularly bright on either side. In fact, Bobby allowed Spassky to take a pawn of advantage, although the Russian was not fine at the time of seizing the opportunity and did not choose the best plays. In the end, after a soulless game where both had paid the effort dragged from previous games, they signed the tie. 8'5 to 5'5. Fischer was three points higher. In the next game, number 15 of the final, a Sicilian defense was played, well known by Fischer, who in fact was considered one of the world's leading specialists in that opening. But the game soon went through unsuspected ways. A novelty played by Spassky dislodged Bobby in what was one of his most studied openings, forcing him to think long and hard about how to respond. But when Bobby thought a lot, the result could be very powerful. His thoughtful response in turn confused Spassky, who did not expect it … and now it was the Russian who spent many minutes thinking about the continuation. In total, between one and the other, they spent more than an hour to think only three moves! Obviously, neither of them was comfortable with what was happening on the board and both were afraid to become the author of the first mistake in a tricky game, not very defined and very, very tense. In principle, the complexity of the game seems to favor Spassky's style, which had been placed with two pawns to top it all. But this time he could not take advantage and finally a Fischer who was almost against the ropes managed to force a draw against a tired rival. 9 to 6. After that game, both took a break they needed to face what they still had left.

Game number 16: Spassky soon gets on with a pawn of more. Although it is a symbolic advantage since it is a pawn not too valuable (it is in the same row as another pawn, blocking it, what is called a "doubled pawn" and that generally has little use). Bobby will soon take the game to what seems an inevitable draw, no matter how much the Russian continues to fight until the end, relying on that material advantage that is actually worth more on paper than on the board. Spassky has a pawn of more, yes, but few possibilities to develop it for his own benefit. Extend the game waiting for a miracle to happen in the form of a Fischer error. That error will not come. With one pawn down, Fischer forces another draw. Starting at a disadvantage, he has again rid of defeat: 9.5 to 6.5. It is a little closer to the crown.

At this stage of the final, specialists have begun to understand that something is happening. Game after game, Spassky seems to take the initiative and obtain certain advantages. But game after game, the thing always ends in a draw. Every time he seems to have it ready, every time Fischer seems to be on the ropes, he finds a way to nullify the Russian's advantage and get rid of the defeat. Boris Spassky is using his best weapons and the American is surviving. Spassky would later say that he felt that Fischer was “slippery as a fish, every time I thought I had him trapped, it slipped between my fingers”. Why? What is happening? It is true that Spassky is playing better than in his disastrous initial stretch of match, which is effectively getting certain advantages during the games and that Fischer is being conservative because it suits him. But the reality is that Bobby barely shows cracks where to attack him. Observers are coming to a conclusion: it is true that the match would be very different if Spassky had not sunk psychologically during the first games, yes. But almost nobody dares to deny that Fischer's game seems to be at a level higher than the champion's. At least enough superior to, starting from apparently disadvantageous positions, end up signing comfortable ties that greatly favor their interests. Everyone agrees that neither Fischer nor Spassky are playing at their best – the tremulous external pressure that both suffer has a lot to do with it, of course - but there is a key difference: Bobby seems to have the games under control even when Spassky is who gives the impression of having the winning tricks.


About Spassky Fischer: "It was like a fish, When I thought I had it, it slipped in my hands".

Game 17: Fischer, with blacks, uses another unusual defense in his repertoire - the Pirc Defense - with the usual intention of nullifying any previous preparation of Spassky. Knowing that in this game the Russian does not move on familiar grounds, Fischer does something contrary to his habit: he refuses to simplify the game to quickly reach a final phase with few pieces in which to impose his «computer game». He has seen the possibility of blocking the white pieces during the half game, so he cleverly dedicates himself to leaving the opponent without options to attack. And he gets it. Spassky does not see clearly the way to go and although he arrives at the end with a slight material advantage (a pawn of less, but two powerful towers in front of a tower and a horse), he simply does not know what to do to get a victory that he has returned to caress without get. Bobby has closed all roads, his vaccine has worked. Forces Spassky to sign a new tie. It is the fourth consecutive draw in games where, on paper, Spassky had a chance to win. 10 to 7. Needless to say that such a march begins to be truly frustrating for the champion. He is not losing more games, true, but he does not win either, nor even achieving tactical advances. And each point that is shared is half a point that Fischer is closer to the crown. Is Fischer finally the best, after so many years? The answer, many think at this point, is that probably yes.

Game 18 arrives. Fischer is beginning to caress the crown, knows that the successive tables bring her closer and decides not to risk the least, a completely unusual attitude in her previous career, where she used to always win, even when she does not I needed it. Obviously, with the crown in play, Fischer has become a strategist when managing points and times. In this game he walls his king after a long castling, ready to propose a defensive game not too usual in him. Knowing that Spassky needs a victory like water, let the Russian be the one who breaks the brain trying to find a way to attack that castling. Bobby puts in practice a conservative game, yes, but that in fact is a lesson of strategic defense: he has raised the game so that his rival finds it almost impossible to hurt him. It has the necessary tools: a solid position, a capacity of calculation essential in the defensive game, and the tranquility of going far ahead on the scoreboard. If he plays to defend himself, he will not win games, but he will be almost untouchable. Spassky realizes this. Much to his dismay, he is forced to grant a new tie. It is the fifth consecutive tie. The champion notices how the earth trembles beneath his feet. Fischer is digging a trap with the patience of a sapper; Sooner or later, as things do not change much, the ground will sink under the champion.

Game number 19. Spassky continues with the pressing, almost exasperating feeling that he is about to win. After pressing considerably Fischer with a dynamic and ambitious game, the Russian comes to the end with a pawn of advantage ... once again. But again he fails to find a way to keep that pawn, which probably Fischer had already considered vulnerable since a few moves before and that had worried him little. So the advantage vanishes again when Fischer captures that pawn. For Spassky's martyrdom, there seems to be no clear way to victory. Sign a new tie. The situation is terrible. What can you do? There is nothing worse than tying several times in a row, having always had the feeling of being able to win. Game after game, Spassky is gaining an advantage in the game. Game after game, Bobby is getting closer and closer to the title.

Game number 20. Fischer raises another long castling to, once again, try to disable Spassky's attack. Another defensive approach to a man whose only salvation is to attack. But Fischer gets his way and again achieves his goal: to equalize things. The Russian does not know where to make a dent in the defense of his rival. The game comes to an end without towers where neither side seems to have clear options for victory. The final is becoming a via crucis for the Soviet champion, who signs the seventh consecutive tie. It is clear that Fischer has everything under control.

You only need one point.

Game number 21. In this game Spassky needs a victory, yes or yes. Otherwise, you will lose your title. Fischer, who plays with blacks, poses the Sicilian defense, one of his specialties. This defense can lead to an aggressive game, something that theoretically interests a Spassky whose only imperative is to win. But on the seventh move Bobby advances a pawn that transforms the opening by making it more closed, more prone to a draw that would be little if Fischer avoids making mistakes. The Russian is stunned by this unexpected tactical turn and what is promised as an open and dynamic game threatens to become another tricky game without a winner. Neither this time gets a clear attack, Fischer's hypothetical error does not arrive and the game ends in a dubiously matched final phase: Fischer has a rook and two pawns in front of the bishop and four Spassky pawns. In addition, two of Spassky's pawns are united, reinforcing each other, and they seem to offer a good chance to try to crown them … although it is not easy to find a way to do it. Once again, the syndrome seems to repeat itself throughout the second half of the final: Spassky's tactical advantages seem to be worth more in theory than in practice. It is as if Fischer knowingly gave up the initiative and voluntarily placed himself at a disadvantage, but very sure that this disadvantage is deceptive and – for him – easy to neutralize. If Boris Spassky was until now the best player in the world, Bobby Fischer is showing that he has learned to play him one on one. After a give and take without a clear winner, you arrive at move # 40, the time to postpone the game until the next day. Spassky writes what will be his next move, as dictated by the regulation, and delivers it to the referee in a sealed envelope to resume the game with her.

That moment of the resumption will never come. Spassky's night is long and agonizing, knowing that if he gives that point Bobby will be champion, but at the same time looking at the board in search of solutions that do not arrive, neither by him nor by his team of assistants and advisors. He is lost. In the morning, the Russian telephones the referee and informs him of his decision: he surrenders. And it does so, at a distance. He does not even show up for the resumption, probably because the Soviet authorities do not want the photograph of a defeated Spassky posing next to the new king of the boards. And although many fans believe that the surrender is premature because the position is subtle, the truth is that the final is over. Bobby Fischer has just become the eleventh world chess champion. The dream of his whole life, to which he has given himself since childhood, has become a reality. He celebrates in his own way, taking refuge for a few days in his temporary home in Ilandia, enjoying walks through the landscape and contact with horses, animals with whom he likes to spend time. He has achieved everything for which he has always fought.

What nobody can suspect yet is that he will never play a single game in an official competition.


Fischer's victory was front-page news throughout the world.

The international press, especially the Western press, goes crazy over the news. The Soviet Union has just received a blow in what was one of its greatest reasons for pride and national self-esteem. This final has given an unexpected turn to the Cold War, with a propaganda victory that has come from the most unsuspected corner of the US: a chessboard. In fact, when poor Boris Spassky flies to the USSR he finds a cold reception: there is no welcoming committee at the airport, no big shots to comfort him or congratulate him on the dignity he has shown in the fight … and what Fischer has said that Spassky is the toughest opponent he has ever had. In fact, the now ex-champion will begin to have serious difficulties with his career. For a time, the communist authorities will prevent him from participating in international tournaments, until Spassky vindicates himself once again winning the very difficult USSR championship, making his forced absence of world competition almost ridiculous. But now, for the Kremlin, Spassky is the man who lost to Fischer, the champion who did not want to comply with the demands of the regime. It is not well seen anymore. And that Boris Spassky is not a political opponent, far from it. As we said, Spassky is not a communist, and certainly he has not been a docile champion either, but he is not a dissident either. He wants to continue living in his country. However things will get more and more difficult there. Battered by the authorities of Moscow, one of the most noble champions that any sport has ever ended, very reluctantly, in exile: fed up with the fact that in the USSR they continue to make life impossible he will leave to live in France in 1976. Shortly after French will be nationalized to be able to continue competing. Although he will never be the same player he was, among other things because he will refuse to continue giving himself completely to chess. He wants to do other things, practice other sports, live his life. The match with Fischer has not only burned him, but it has taught him that there is – and there must be – a lot of life beyond the boards.

On the other hand, Fischer is received in his country as a national hero. He has won a victory for his country and for the West as a bloc, a victory of a kind that no other individual has achieved because the other American victories (such as the space race) have been the product of a joint effort. Bobby has beaten the Russians, but he has done it alone, in his own way, without help from anyone. In New York, his city, he receives a welcome from the titans of astronautics. It's as if Bobby had stepped on the moon or traveled to Mars. His feat has acquired a titanic dimension in the eyes of the public. Even a date is decreed that will become the “Day of Bobby Fischer”. Politicians kill each other by taking pictures with him, he is invited to the most popular TV programs, the companies tempt him with succulent advertising contracts –they will reject them all– and the US Chess Federation will record an absolute record of registrations as a result of the title won by the genius of Brooklyn. Bobby Fischer is now a figure of international magnitude, probably the most famous man in the world during that year 1972. Although he does not seem to care about all that when, at the honorific dinner for his triumph, which as usual declines to drink or even a glass of wine – it is isolated from the rest of the guests and immersed in its small portable chess board, an unusual image that will be recorded by the security cameras of the premises. He is the man who has won everything, but who has not changed much since school. Speeches are delivered in his honor; but he is not attending. He is playing chess.

Twenty-two months later, Bobby Fischer will be stripped of his title for not showing up to play against the new challenger, the young Russian Anatoly Karpov. The public will not hear from him again for twenty years. It will be the beginning of an enigmatic and fascinating stage that will definitely end up helping to turn it into a legend. Almost nobody knows where he is, what he does or if he will ever play again to claim his crown. Bobby Fischer will become a ghost, an almost mythological figure, like the Yeti or the monster of Loch Ness. Had he not reappeared in 1992 - unfortunately for his legend and above all for his personal misfortune - we would perhaps be talking about an enigmatic figure comparable to characters from classical antiquity or old Egypt. Bobby Fischer, the champion who vanished in the shadows. Seen the seen, I wish the story would have stayed like this. But we'll talk about that another time. For now let Bobby as champion, which should never stop being in our memory.

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Bobby Fischer (VI): The war begins

Translated from E. J. Rodríguez

The 1972 world chess championship was the most transcendent sporting event of the 20th century and what we have been in the 21st century. It generated more journalistic attention than any other event, including the Olympic Games or the World Cup. Its political significance surpassed everything that until then could be imagined in a sports competition. Even the ruling domes of the two great superpowers followed every event to the minute. Media from all over the planet, eager to capture any details, showed up in Reykjavik, the small capital of Iceland. A modest country until then little known but suddenly marked on the map as the site of a clash of titans between the world chess champion, the Soviet Boris Spassky, and his ungovernable opponent, the eccentric and brilliant Robert James Fischer. The same Fischer that had jumped to the covers of the great publications during the previous year after crushing three rivals of the first magnitude with a demonstration of superiority never seen in the five recorded centuries of chess competition.

But when the match for the world crown is about to begin, Fischer has not bothered to board a plane headed for Iceland. What's more, he refuses to leave his hiding place in Manhattan. For the umpteenth time, his presence in a historical moment hangs by a thread. Through their lawyers expresses the desire to get more money. The whole world contemplates with astonishment – and with displeasure – his apparently cold and calculating attitude. The sporting event of the century will begin and one of the two protagonists has not made an appearance.

The applicant who was not there

We Icelanders have done everything possible to organize this championship and to entertain the world champion, as well as the applicant. But the applicant is not here. And I'm afraid that his behavior is putting Iceland against the United States. (Speech by the Icelandic Prime Minister at the opening ceremony of the championship).

The world champion thinks that it is an unprecedented fact in the history of chess that he is here ready to start the match and nevertheless has to be forced to wait for the aspirant. (Speech by the Soviet delegation at the opening ceremony of the championship).

Mr. Fischer, with all his bodyguards and lawyers, with his team of psychiatrists and medical advisors, with his tantrums and above all with his acute advertising instinct, has turned this year's championship into the news of the moment. And if Mr. Fischer has any moral criteria to which he clings, is that the most important thing in this game is not to win, but to raise as much money as possible. (Michael Nicholson, correspondent of the British ITN chain).

On July 1, correspondents from the five continents widely cover the opening ceremony of the match for the world championship of chess, already described by all the press as “the match of the century”. The event will be recorded by cameras and journalists from around the world, but it is very close to the great chess party that had been waiting for. On the contrary, the environment is very rarefied. They predominate the long faces, the expressions of perplexity and very especially the samples of annoyance when not of open anger. They are all there: the FIDE leaders, the Icelandic political authorities, the members of the Soviet delegation, the American ambassador … all except Bobby Fischer. A few hours after the official start of the final, he is still held in a friend's apartment in New York. It is ruining the festival to the rest of the planet, which impatiently waits for a white smoke from the eccentric aspirant to the throne.

Everyone is outraged with his attitude. Boris Spassky – or rather a letter of protest carefully drafted with the supervision of the Soviet authorities – shows his discontent through the text read by the delegation of the USSR during the opening ceremony. Within the world it is well known that Spassky likes Fischer, but that sympathy can not hide his irritation for what he considers a lack of respect. For his part, the Prime Minister of Iceland is even harder and says that Fischer's absence is an affront at the national level. His country is hosting the most important media event of its history and the fact that Bobby does not appear is an insult to his country. The leader warns that this behavior could worsen the anti-Americanism already latent in the progressive Icelandic society. The international press is also derogatory towards Bobby, especially after having had to spend respectable amounts of money in sending correspondents to the island, in addition to solving the logistical caroms that follow a competition that theoretically can last for weeks and even months Not even American journalists are too benevolent with the penultimate caprice of their great star, which is proving to be as unruly as the other great American athlete of international fame at the time, the controversial boxer Muhammad Ali. Fischer thus reinforces the image of eccentric genius, selfish and inconsiderate for whom little sports honor means. Even the highest authorities have a clear opinion on the matter: in the Kremlin they are aghast at the absence of the aspirant, although they privately rejoice at the possibility that the dangerous American does not show up for the final. In Washington, they see the rudeness of their national hero almost with shame.

But why is it so important for the whole planet to have a championship in which two men will only move pieces on a board? What makes the whole world so aware of the 64 squares, when until then chess had been a minority sport? What is at stake?

The cold war on a chessboard


List of all the FIDE World Champions (photo of the blog). In yellow, those that come from Russia or from territories that have belonged to the USSR.

In 1972, the USA UU and the USSR dominated the world at will, representing two opposing ideologies that struggled to impose themselves to submit to their dictates as many countries as possible. It could be said that there was no nation that was not aligned in one way or another with one of the two sides. Both superpowers were openly enmity since 1945, although they had never faced each other directly in a war (beyond, of course, having more or less discreetly supported different contenders in a number of armed conflicts), so the accumulated tension he had to free himself in other ways, especially in an endless propaganda battle.

The most serious friction between the two superpowers, the Cuban Missile Crisis, had taken place almost a decade earlier and was no longer a topical issue. Although the public opinion had seen that crisis as an American victory –not in vain it had cost Nikita Khrushchev his political career–, the fact is that at a strategic level, the USSR had obtained not few advantages from the Cuban issue, advantages that compensated for the defeat. propaganda In addition, in 1972 the United States was also swallowing toads: its tremendous stumble in Vietnam was calling into question the prestige of its military machine, choked with the Vietcong Communists who in turn were being supported by the USSR. On the other hand, US policy was beginning to be undermined by a succession of scandals that affected several of the country's most important institutions. It's not that the US UU they could continue scrubbing the Missile Crisis to their rival, because they had their own reasons for shame. Another field of propaganda confrontation had been the space race, but while the arrival on the Moon had marked a final American victory, the Soviets could boast of having triumphed in all the initial stages, from putting into orbit the first satellite to send the first man to space. In addition, NASA and some of its main heroes – most notably Neil Armstrong – had refrained from politicizing the moon landing, sensibly remembering that victory belonged to all of humanity and implicitly acknowledging that it would never have been possible without the Soviet's previous exploits.


Before Fischer, only basketball offered a possibility of sports catharsis between the two superpowers.

So for decades the pulse between the two superpowers had been fought through an endless exchange of successes and failures on both sides, without seeming to be a clear winner. The world needed a catharsis, a definitive confrontation that would serve to declare even in a purely symbolic way which of the two sides was winning over the other.

Sport seemed a propitious vehicle to release part of those tensions, especially at a propagandistic level, and in fact the examples of sports events endowed with political significance have never been rare. But at that time there was no mass competition of interest where the two superpowers faced each other on equal terms. The most popular sports in the USA UU (baseball or American football) were practically nonexistent in the USSR. And European football, hugely popular among the Soviets, was barely practiced or even known by Americans. The closest thing to a direct confrontation in a media sport had been provided by basketball, a game that did have a lot of follow-up in both countries; Certainly, the clashes between both national teams had a strong political component ... but nobody escaped that the confrontation was unequal. Basketball was an American invention and the USA. UU They were still light years away from their competitors, to the point that they did not even need to send professionals to international competitions - at that time they were not allowed - because they were easily imposed by simply resorting to their college players. Everyone was clear that if the Soviets had any chance of beating the American team it was due to the absence of the NBA professionals. Something very similar happened with boxing, a sport universally appreciated and very popular in both superpowers but where the US hegemony was almost total, especially in the category of heavyweights, which most interest aroused among the public. Otherwise there were the Olympic Games, where apart from basketball, there was a too heterogeneous conglomerate of minority sports in which there were no great moments of collective catharsis to resolve the tensions of the Cold War.

Before Fischer's candidacy, so brilliantly won during 1971, chess had seemed the least appropriate means to stage that catharsis. First, because of its minority character in the West and practically everywhere except the USSR. And second, because the Soviet rule had been so overwhelming since the end of World War II that no one had entertained the slightest hope of evicting the Russians from the throne. Since 1948, all the world champions and all the aspirants without exception had come from the USSR, always trained in that unstoppable machine of producing talents that was the Soviet school of chess. Not a single Western or other player had managed to sneak into a world final. Never, not one. In fact, the Soviet propaganda used the game-science as a demonstration of the superiority of its educational system, its values ​​and the intellectual formation of its people. Certainly, in the USSR the chess players were authentic idols, media stars who had all the government support and exercised an insulting domination over the chess players of the rest of the planet.


In 1972 Taimanov was still a pariah in the USSR because of his defeat against Fischer. Spassky risked following the same wake.

However, the rise of Bobby Fischer had caught the USSR by surprise. As we narrated in previous episodes, the Soviets did not deny that Fischer was a genius in their own way, and even admired – with discretion, yes – the way in which he had managed to equate to the Soviet elite by means of an unprecedented solo work. His training, very unorthodox and far from the ultraprofessional preparation of the Russian Masters, had led him to a world final, something completely strange and unexpected. But in the USSR they had always tended to underestimate Fischer's potential, which the American had helped by voluntarily skipping two of the world competitions that were held every three years. Fischer had not appeared in the highest instance of chess since he was a teenager. But the 1972 Bobby had little to do with the 1962 one: ten years ago he had not been able to handle the Russians, but now, at 29, he was a real danger. He had swept all the best players in the world. Only the champion Boris Spassky remained an obstacle in his path.

In three decades Fischer had gone from friend to enemy. At first the Russian chess players had considered him almost an adopted son, because Bobby began his precocious career as a disciple more – albeit at a distance – of the Soviet chess theory, a detail that he did not deny himself. Moreover, during his early years, the people of the USSR had looked at him with sympathy: having become a Grand Master at age 15 was an unprecedented event and, despite being an American, the Russians had shown considerable affection for him. the point that even the Soviet authorities had invited a fifteen-year-old Fischer to Moscow, treating him as one more Soviet star. In those years when chess had no political significance, the USSR showed more respect and admiration for Bobby even than his own native country.

But Fischer, who never married anyone, soon began to become a “denaturalized son,” as Pablo Morán said in one of his recommended books on the American. At age 19, let's remember, he had challenged the Soviet establishment by publicly denouncing the irregular handling of the Russian Masters in the high competition. That made him, at least in the field of propaganda, the public enemy number one of that communist chess with which he himself had learned to play. From that moment the Moscow press treated him with paternalism and condescension, if not with open contempt. However, in the USA UU his attitude had made him the prototype of an American hero, a hero almost of a film: individualist, self-made, faced alone with the whole battalion of Soviet professionals. The poor boy from Brooklyn who with the sole help of his talent was challenging a whole system.

So in 1971, during that crushing march to the final where Fischer had never seen three of the best players in the world, including two Soviets like Mark Taimanov and former world champion Tigran Petrosian, the Soviet condescension cracked. considerably. The chances of victory for the American were not negligible and there were even those who considered him the clear favorite for the final. It was true that he had never won the champion Spassky, not once during his entire career. But the statistics showed that, in general, his game had become as powerful as the current king of chess ... if not more. So in Moscow, no matter how much they wanted to keep their confident attitude out of doors, the alarm reigned. The political commissaries and even the KGB began to harass the Soviet chess players, especially Boris Spassky and his team of assistants. The Kremlin wanted the champion to guarantee victory, so important to maintain the propaganda status of the regime. The champion, irritated and astonished, did not enter the game and was outraged by the demands of the Communist Party: "This is a sport, how do you want to guarantee victory? Nobody can guarantee a victory in sport ». Spassky claimed that he was in a position to defend the title, but he refused to talk about a 100% chance of winning. Logically, it should be added. However, that was not enough for the Party. The Party wanted the impossible: to make sure in advance that the world throne would not end up in the hands of an American, which would constitute a huge media and political debacle. But it was impossible to sign an anti-Fischer insurance and that made the Kremlin bosses very, very nervous.

The free world needs Fischer

In the United States, meanwhile, madness had been unleashed. Until then chess had had a very limited follow-up, although the strong personality, records and the peculiar biography of Fischer had made him a very famous figure from years before. But when he managed to qualify for the final an authentic wave of hysteria around his person was unleashed. That turned him – to the surprise of many – into the bastion of the West, into the first sword of the free world. He was the man who was going to defeat the Russians. Nothing less.


Fischer had an ambivalent attitude toward his increasingly unbridled fame.

The press pursued him wherever he was, most of the time getting only irritate him and cause him to show even more elusive. He constantly received phone calls, including countless proposals from female fans – although he, who did not disdain the attention of the opposite sex, continued with his worries when it came to finding a stable partner who did not want him only “for being Bobby Fischer” – and many companies that wanted to get their services for advertising campaigns, which was always denied with open contempt. It is very famous anecdote of a brand of shampoo that offered a considerable amount of money for lending to advertise your product: Fischer, before responding, asked for a sample of the shampoo that should be announced … and shortly after responded with a letter in which He said, “Your product is crap, I can not ethically advertise this.”

Although he was very annoyed by the journalistic harassment, he gave several interviews to well-known journalists, among them the famous presenter Dick Cavett, leaving us an interesting document where he is unusually relaxed and smiling, and where he seems much less naive than in that other television interview given ten years before and in which he had released everything that went through his head. Now he was more careful with his words-strange phase in his life, as we now know-although his most naive side had not completely disappeared. He himself said during that brief but revealing interview that “I have not changed too much, only now I manage a little better with people and the press.” Be that as it may, that affable Bobby looked more like the people in his circle knew … as long as it was good, of course. He was not yet the monothematic fanatic of later times and his immense charisma, which probably unwittingly unleashed, had captivated the public. Several things are revealed in the interview, especially interpreted in light of what we know of his biography. For example, when Cavett asks him if he makes money with chess, Fischer responds “he could earn more money … but he's getting better”. What does not count, although today we know it, is that he fought against all odds –frequently to the detriment of his own personal image– to obtain fairer economic conditions for chess players. Not in vain, even champion Spassky called him, more seriously than in jest, “the president of our union”. When Cavett tells him that people expect to see a short chess player with glasses and is surprised to find a guy with swimmer's back and athlete's makes, Fischer defends the importance of staying in good physical shape for chess, something that the public of the set is taken as a joke (to the surprise of Fischer himself) but that today constitutes a basic foundation for any chess champion. We also see that as usual he points out the importance of hard work, as well as admitting that until he gets the title, "I do not have too much life beyond chess". And of course, it manifests its fierce competitive spirit:

—What is the greatest pleasure of chess? When you see the opponent in trouble?
—The greatest pleasure is when you destroy his ego.
—For real?
—Yes. (laughs)

Transformed into the new Albert Einstein, his popularity reached heights worldwide with which only athletes could compare like Muhammad Ali or Pelé. Charisma is something that can not be manufactured, and the press found a vein in Fischer. His figure inspired thousands of new fans: licenses in federations in many countries skyrocketed, as did the sales of chess boards and manuals. Suddenly, the dream of many parents was to have a Bobby Fischer at home, because his name had become synonymous with genius. Naturally, the Western press and the US Government. UU they did not repress themselves when exploiting the possibility of delivering a painful blow to the USSR where it hurt the most, chess. The game of escaques – whose virtues Lenin himself had glossed – had been a fundamental part of Soviet ideology since the 1917 revolution. Chess and USSR were almost synonymous … but now he was nothing less than an American who threatened to destroy that hegemony. What else could you ask? Fischer, with his fondness for pinball, rock music and Coca-Cola; with his unmistakable Brooklyn accent. The kid who had grown up four steps from a baseball stadium, who had played on the outdoor boards of Manhattan. Tall, imposing, intriguing. A genuinely American champion who seemed purposely designed for the rejoicing of the media of his country and of the entire world. I had it all.

Everything except, returning to narrate the championship, the desire to go to Iceland.

While everyone is waiting for him in Reykjavik, Fischer has already announced that the economic package proposed for the match (125,000 dollars at the time, about 600,000 euros to be divided between the two contenders) seems insufficient. He wants more money, or he will not play. It also claims a percentage of television rights and the collection of ticket offices. Suddenly it vanishes when the capitalist democracies are using it as the main propaganda weapon. It is irritating the same public that adores it. For the Americans, the championship is a matter of national honor, of defense of a system of life. But for Bobby it seems to be limited to the usual: money. No one can understand that he is going to miss this opportunity to proclaim himself champion and to transform himself into the greatest icon of the West during this stage of the Cold War. Not to go to Iceland, many think, would be making fun of millions of people who have begun to follow him very closely, trusting that he will strike a mortal blow at the smug communist pride.

The opening ceremony is celebrated without him. Nobody dares to assure that there will be a final.

But on July 3, two days after that presentation ceremony he had not bothered to attend, a British magnate named James Slater offered $125,000 from his pocket to double the prize purse, sending a telegram to Bobby that said something as well as “There you have the money. Now go and play.”

Hours of unbearable tension


The affable Boris Spassky was a stranger to the Western press, obsessed with Fischer.

To everyone's relief and as soon as he knew that the economic prize had doubled, Fischer left his refuge and flew to Iceland. Upon his arrival, at the airport, he was awaited by a very excited crowd. But Bobby was already in an extreme state of concentration, so he quickly got into a car and vanished in the direction of the house he had designated. His tumultuous appearance contrasted with the previous arrival of Boris Spassky, who had signed autographs and allowed himself to be entertained by the fans, but which had awakened less expectation. Spassky, even being the champion, was a virtual unknown to many ordinary citizens beyond the Soviet borders. Bobby, the aspirant, was the big star.

We said that during 1971 Fischer had shown an insulting level of play, transforming into a bigger than life figure. Not only was it a matter of fame: recent American demonstrations provided good reasons for Spassky to be concerned.

However, what bothered Boris Spassky most was not Fischer's level of play, but the excessive politicization of the event. He considered himself a patriot, but not a communist; He was one of the few Great Teachers who did not belong to the CPSU apparatus. He was in Reykjavik to play a sporting title, not to settle the geopolitical balance of the two superpowers, even though the entire world press was bent on describing the confrontation in almost warlike terms. In other words: Spassky was fed up. During the last year the Soviet authorities had not left him alone. The Kremlin's obsessive message was always the same: Fischer must be won, Fischer must be beaten … an increase in political pressure on the champion that ended up being counterproductive. Spassky had carefully prepared the match, but began to tire of the fact that the entire Soviet system seemed to rest on his back and already before the final showed his distaste with symptoms of rebellion that worried his trainers and by extension the Politburo. A good example of his attitude prior to the event: he was looking for an appropriate sparring to play a series of preparatory games, the young and promising talent Anatoly Karpov – future world champion as we all know – whose game reminded Fischer in many ways. Karpov belonged to a new generation of players who, unlike Spassky, had modeled his game by studying the games of the American. Karpov had been formed within a new paradigm erected by the American and even being a product of the Soviet talent factory, it was one of the first swords of a new “Fischerian generation”. For this reason, Karpov's “active positional” game turned him into an ideal sparring, since that was precisely the style Fischer used to play with. But Spassky received with reluctance the news that Karpov should be measured. He agreed to play a game against him, which he won easily, and decided that he had enough. Astonished Karpov told the team of coaches that the champion had no intention of playing even a second game of preparation. No one could make Spassky change his mind. As it was for the moment the world champion was untouchable, but his attitude of visible neglect was very worrying for the Moscow authorities.

Spassky regretted being the only man whom Fischer had not bowed yet, because that made him the last soldier in charge of defending the Soviet pride trench against the Brooklyn hurricane, representative of western capitalist decadence. That was not with him. He was a chess player, not a politician or a military man. Maybe Fischer, because of his fiery personality, was accustomed to dealing with tensions, confrontations and external pressures in all kinds of competitions. But Spassky, a calm and extremely correct guy for whom chess was a civilized game between educated people, could hardly feel happy under all that pressure.

However, the truth was that Bobby was not comfortable with such politicization either, and as Spassky carefully avoided falling into the previous ideological game. He also did not like to present the final as that dispute between superpowers in which, despite himself, he had become. Paradoxically, the two protagonists of the event that had the world in suspense were the only ones who had no intention of describing it as an international political battle. Two chess players who maintained a good personal relationship but appeared suddenly portrayed as enemies, leading very disgustedly a war of cyclopean proportions that threatened to get out of control until turning the championship into a torturing experience. The state of nerves of both opponents was delicate and it is not surprising. Rarely, if any, have two athletes been under such scrutiny by the entire planet. Whether they wanted it or not, Bobby Fischer and Boris Spassky had the Cold War in their hands. Absurd, but true.

Finally, after many vicissitudes and gossip, with a Fischer held in his house in Iceland, he could start the championship. On July 11, 1972, the first game was to be played. The final would consist of a series of 24 games – or less if any of the opponents reached 12.5 points –, in which a tie at 12 points would allow Spassky to retain the crown. It was the most important moment in the life of Bobby Fischer, who had been dreaming about the title and struggling obsessively to get it since he was a lone child moving cheap pieces in his tiny apartment in Brooklyn.

First game: the first shock

When you participate in a normal tournament, you can enjoy playing chess. But in the world championship the negative emotions are imposed on the positive ones because you want to annihilate your opponent. This is the world championship. In addition to creativity, the world champion must have killer instinct. (Boris Spassky)

Everything is prepared in the impressive Laugardalshöll pavilion in Reykjavík. A spectacular stage for a spectacular event. On it, a board designed according to Fischer requirements and a set of Staunton pieces also requested by him.

Champion and aspirant sit before the board. Both have a serious expression on their face. They start to play. The whole world is watching.


The board during the first game: a perfect technical draw before the strange and unexpected move of Fischer.

Spassky, with white, move first. Fischer responds with the defense Nimzo-India, a regular of his repertoire. No surprises The champion is cautious and in expectation. The aspirant too. Fischer rushes to simplify the game to arrive as quickly as possible to a final phase with few pieces, his great specialty, and avoid a complex half game in whose intricate twists the imaginative Spassky would move like a fish in the water. The Russian does not resist the simplification of the game and also seems content with a quiet game. The game is even and, foreseeable in a first contact, is heading for a technical draw. After only 28 moves, each of the rivals has stayed with their king, a bishop and six pawns. They are a manual tables. It seems to have reached a stalemate and everyone waits for the signing of the draw so that the contestants retire to their quarters, where they will be mentally prepared for a second game in which the fireworks will probably begin (and began, even though that second game would never be played ... but now we'll talk about that). With such an important title in play, neither of them seems to want to risk too much at the beginning. Logical. Better to use the first game to get used to the environment and check that the opponent has come prepared. The very thing in the inaugural battle is to be conservative and try above all to avoid making mistakes.

And then Fischer does it. Nobody knows why. No one has ever understood what was going on in his head when he did it. But he unexpectedly sacrifices a bishop in exchange for two pawns, in an inexplicable move that looks more like a beginner's mistake than the play of a world-class Grandmaster. Spassky, even without showing it in his generally hieratic face, is stunned. The analysts do not know if they are attending a genius that they still can not understand or a blunder that would be even more difficult to assimilate. The correspondents boil with excitement and the audience tries to capture the essence of the play. That is going to become great news, because no one would have imagined such an unnecessary blow in the middle of a quiet game. The president of the Icelandic federation sums it up sharply: “a single movement and we will come out on all the covers of the world.”

But the play is not a genius. In fact it is a mistake, and a mistake too thick to believe that Fischer has been able to escape by good. What do you intend with that play? Some think that his intention was simply to confuse Spassky, forcing him to think more than necessary, worrying in vain about the possible consequences of that useless play. Others believe that he refused to sign boards that seemed to be sung, that he did not want a draw and that he decided to launch a suicide tactic in the hope that the pressure could be with Spassky. And others, like Kasparov in his famous analysis, believe that the nerves played a trick on Fischer and led him to calculate erroneously, making him see a ghostly continuation until the victory that only existed in his head. Anyway, we will never know what was the intention of the American or if that was really a monumental mistake – he himself never clarified it – but Fischer made that play and Spassky simply tried to take advantage of it. Soon things seemed decided in favor of the champion.

Even so, and with the game apparently lost, Bobby continued to play with his usual combativeness and even touched a small chance of getting a draw. But the situation of inferiority in which he had put himself was not something that a world champion was going to miss. Finally he had to surrender. 1-0 for the Russian. Spassky had defeated him once more. Fischer gets up, quickly shakes the hand of his rival and quickly vanishes from the stage as he usually does when he suffers a painful defeat, while he seems to leave a hesitant Spassky with the word in his mouth. The next day, the world press raves about the strange movement of the American; many simply attributed it to nerves. Many others thought that Fischer still felt inferior to Spassky (although Bobby had never expressed that feeling openly, quite the contrary) and that this terrible mistake was a product of that inferiority complex, or the desire to avoid a draw and win All coast. In short, all speculation.


Body to ground! Bobby the Terrible has just discovered that the cameras bother him. And the final, of course, begins to be in danger at that moment.

What they had not noticed was a detail that seemed unimportant, mostly as usual in Fischer, but that would end up acquiring a huge significance. During that first game and while he sat waiting for Spassky's play, Bobby had turned in his chair to look directly at one of the cameras that recorded the event. Then he had got up to say something to the referee. What was happening? Well, apparently the engine noise of those cameras bothered him. One of many complaints Fischer always made to the organizers. Or not…

The psychological war begins

Before the second game, Fischer asked for the cameras to be removed from the venue. The organizers refused, saying that he seemed to be the only individual in the entire pavilion who was bothered by his sound or who even caught it. The American insisted: the cameras had to be removed. The Icelanders refused again.

And Fischer, in reply, did not attend the second game.

At the appointed time there was once again an empty chair in the room. This time it was the chair that Bobby had to occupy before the board. Spassky was forced to wait for the 60 minute mark before disqualifying a player by default. His face seemed expressionless as usual, at least in the eyes of the public, but those who knew him well knew that he was actually being consumed by nerves. The members of the Soviet delegation began to fear – rightly – the devastating effects that Fischer's unexpected maneuvers could have on Spassky's spirit. Imagine the situation, dear reader: you are the world champion, you are defending (in spite of yourself) the pride of your country and of a whole huge political system, with all the planetary press recording every one of your gestures, the television cameras focusing on it live and the KGB blowing on the neck. And you spend a long hour sitting alone at the board, or walking around the stage, not knowing if your opponent will appear. Uncertainty turned those 60 minutes into an endless agony for Spassky. With the Kremlin watching, with the White House watching, with the entire planet watching …

After an interminable wait – how true is that “time is relative” – ​​it was finally the time of disqualification and the referee decreed the defeat of Fischer by default: 2-0 for Spassky. On paper and even in the absence of 22 games, that seemed a difficult advantage to overcome. More against a player as solid, flexible and full of resources as the world champion. The championship was very uphill to Fischer. Most correspondents and experts agreed: it was very difficult for Bobby to turn the score around. In theory, that was very good news for Spassky. With just no effort, he had an advantage that could be definitive if he avoided making serious mistakes during the rest of the match. But in the Russian delegation they were not too calm. They knew too well that Boris Spassky was very agitated and that it was nothing like the quiet championship he would have liked to play.

Knowing the history of Bobby Fischer, many fear leaving Iceland at that very moment. And it seems that he was willing to do it. In the White House they are so concerned that Richard Nixon has given an order to the national security adviser and key figure in Washington, Henry Kissinger, to personally telephone Fischer and persuade him to continue defending the homeland honor in front of the USSR. The White House does not want Fischer to leave. Perhaps at the express request of the president of the United States Bobby decides to continue playing, because at this point Washington considers it unacceptable that he submits to his country to a humiliation urbi et orbi. They say that the phone call impressed Fischer, who supposedly ended the conversation in an almost martial tone by responding “yes, sir” to the exhortations of the cunning and convincing Kissinger. Although the detail is little home with the usual attitude of Bobby, this is how the anecdote is told. Anyway, the genius of Brooklyn decided to stay in Iceland … but, yes, he continued to refuse to play in the presence of those cameras.


Unusual image: the world champion waiting in vain for the applicant to appear.

The organizers called an expert in acoustics from the University of Reykjavik to measure the noise emissions of the happy cameras. The expert measured the sound with his devices and concluded that it could hardly disturb Fischer, that it was not possible to distract him from the game. The organization, then, continued refusing to withdraw them, which would mean giving up precious graphic material of the event. Then Bobby demanded to play the third game in another scenario, an isolated room. An exceptional measure that a player can request in case of feeling overwhelmed by the environment, but that obviously seemed inappropriate since no one except him considered the official scenario inappropriate. The organization asked Spassky if he consented to play the third game in isolation, in the ping-pong room.

All the members of the Soviet expedition-trainers, advisers, etc. –begged Spassky to refuse to play that third game under the conditions set by Fischer. Moreover, they begged him to abandon the championship and return to the USSR, given that the American was disrupting the tournament with his irrational demands. If Spassky left, FIDE would hardly dare to take the title because it was Fischer who had refused to play in normal conditions. Everyone already knew the long history of fights between Bobby and the organizers of several tournaments: Spassky could leave knowing that he would remain a champion, because if the title were stripped, the entire planet would consider it a flagrant injustice and would request an immediate rematch. In one way or another, the abandonment in protest of Spassky would leave in bad place his capricious rival. But Boris Spassky did not listen to the wise advice of his environment. He did not want to leave. He lent himself to play the third game. What Fischer wanted to do in an isolated room? Agree.

Look where you look: a bad decision.

The psychological debacle of the champion

At this point, it may be time to talk about the personality of Boris Spassky, without which you could not understand the debatable – although generous – decisions he made in such circumstances. Although the western press presented him as the perfect stereotype of Russian chess player and typical product of the Soviet factory – cold, distant, mechanical – and although his usually inexpressive face made the task easy to the propaganda of the opposite side, the truth was that the real Spassky did not correspond at all with that image. It could even be said that if he was presented in that way in the West, he owed more to ignorance than simply to political double intentions.

Because Boris Spassky was a gentleman, to the fullest extent of the word. The real life Spassky could not be less like the Spassky of the newspapers. We would not be exaggerating at all if we affirmed that he was one of the noblest competitors who have gone through the world of sports. He was a sensitive and well-intentioned individual, whose honesty went to extremes counterproductive to himself. At that moment, before the third game, he could have left with all the advantages: he would probably retain the title and also receive official support from the Kremlin, which is not insignificant given that Mark Taimanov was still a pariah at that time. the USSR in the wake of his defeat against Fischer. Leaving Iceland, the world champion would save all kinds of problems and would get rid of a final that was taking on very unpleasant colors. His delicate spirit was coming down, so taking a plane to Moscow was the most beneficial attitude for himself, which they would not have censured even in the West. At that moment, even the American media were fed up with Fischer and would have understood that Spassky said "there you stay".

But Spassky did not want to leave the match. His vision of sport as a competition between gentlemen prevented him from retaining his title in the offices, something that seemed indecorous and ignoble. He wanted to compete on the board. With all that was at stake and with the consequences that could have for his personal life a defeat against Bobby, Spassky displayed a nobility that verged on foolishness.

Desperate, the members of his team tried something else: if he did not want to leave Iceland, he could at least refuse to play the third game in a ping-pong room. He might not show up and let Fischer get a free point: not only would he still be ahead on the scoreboard, but he would override the psychological advantage Bobby was getting from the events. Spassky felt bad about the easy point obtained in the second game: returning him, he would regain his well-being and make it clear that he was upset with a Fischer who always tried to impose his own conditions even over the wishes of the champion. It was a good proposal, but there was no way to convince him either.


Playing in an isolated room: the moment that helped to psychologically break down Spassky.

The champion, to faint of his own, lent himself to play the third game in that ping-pong room that had the only presence of the referee and a silent closed circuit television. An alien environment for a professional chess player … but not so much for Fischer, of course, who had been behaving like an alien since its inception. Accessing Fischer's wishes, Spassky was loaded with a psychological slab that marked the entire first half of the match. Bobby had got away with it. He did not seem to have trouble concentrating playing in that strange situation, but Spassky was mentally touched. He played badly, far below his true level. And lost.

The champion was still ahead, 2-1, but the organized commotion had undermined the concentration and would take time to recover. Nobody applauded Bobby's first victory over Spassky in his entire professional career. There were no reasons. Even the American media had to admit that poor Boris was in a delicate situation. That game was a black point in the final: although Fischer had proposed an interesting and daring theoretical novelty – allowing Spassky to undo his castling, a very unorthodox measure to be Fischer – everyone was clear that the champion had lost because of his mental state and that in other conditions I could have fought with more energy to try to get the third point. As the Soviet expeditionaries had feared, Spassky's nerves failed … and the fault was, of course, Bobby Fischer. The Russians began to accuse the genius of Brooklyn of having embarked on a psychological war to destabilize the champion. It was well known in the world that Spassky did not possess the stony character of a Petrosian, for example. Maybe he protested officially against Fischer's behavior but ended up always pleading his handling. A champion who, so kindly, could be said to be stupid (in a good way, of course).

The fourth game was again played on the main stage after several of Fischer's demands were met: withdrawal of the cameras (due to which we have hardly any images of the event today), emptying several rows of the audience … By the way, in that departure Fischer arrived late, something used to him but that did not sit well with the champion as we will see later. Spassky raised a theoretical novelty that he had prepared at home with his team, something that certainly surprised Fischer and could well have given the Russian his third point, which would have greatly increased their chances of retaining the crown. But Spassky had never liked to memorize long lines of movement in advance-partly out of laziness and partly because it seemed aesthetically undesirable to win “by heart” -and he preferred to rely on his intuition. Already before the game he had told his trainers that he did not need to learn all the variants, only the important thing, even though the home analyzes showed a very probable way to victory. He said that when new variants arose "I will find the solution on the board". Undoubtedly, apart from his nervous agitation, Spassky sinned too confident in this game. It would have been enough to study in depth the strategy to defeat the American.

And once on the board, he did not find the way to victory as he had thought. Even starting with an advantage thanks to the previous analysis, he found an agile defense of Fischer and paid for his lack of preparation. He had to content himself with signing a draw in a game that a priori considered won. 2'5-1'5. Spassky realized that he had squandered a valuable cartridge because of his tendency not to study enough.

That affected him considerably and he reached the fifth game very decentralized, even demoralized despite going ahead on the scoreboard. Of course, this time it was he who appeared late: for once, wanted to return the taunt to the rival and now it was Fischer who had to wait several minutes before the board. But it worked: Bobby learned the lesson and would not be delayed for the rest of the match. It was the only and almost insignificant psychological victory for the champion. Because, for the rest, Spassky was not with his five senses in the game: in the twenty-seventh movement he made a terrible mistake that cost him defeat and that led to the fans and analysts to release an exclamation almost of physical pain. It was very evident that the champion was still playing below his level. Fischer had just equalized the score to 2.5 points, but he still had not convinced anyone. Many people were upset by his behavior and not a few, even in the West, began to feel bad for Spassky, who clearly had a lot of work struggling to regain composure.

Bobby Fischer needed to do something that reminded the world why he was there. He had pestered everyone with his hobbies and had obtained a couple of scantly convincing victories against a clearly disoriented opponent. Little thing for the man who during 1971 seemed to have taken chess to another level. The sympathies towards the aspirant were fading quickly. The Soviet press did not stop denouncing with bitterness – and also with enough charge of reason – the way in which Bobby was denaturing the championship. Even if he already had a draw on the scoreboard and had nullified Spassky's initial lead, the American prodigy had started the match by disappointing everyone. If he wanted to inscribe his name among the greats of chess history, he would need more than questionable victories based on his opponent's psychological weakness. I had to start playing like a big one … otherwise, and even if I finally got the title, no one was going to want to recognize him as the great chess player that he certainly was.

… and then the sixth game came.

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